Despite its extent, invention, and wide range of scopes, Internet of Things (IoT) is still in its infancy. Developers are working on inventing new ways for connections; sensors – for example- seem to dominate almost every aspect of our lives, from cars to bedroom lights. However, what is the meaning of the Internet of Things “IoT” and can it benefit from supercomputing?
IoT refers to the connection of different types of devices in addition to the typical ones such as computers and smartphones. These devices are connected to the Internet in order to make our daily life easier. Cars, home appliances, baby monitors, and more devices can all be connected to the internet using IoT technologies.
The Internet of Things is the modern system of interrelating and computing different devices and digital machines, or even other objects that are provided with unique identifiers (UIDs). They are provided with the ability to receive and transfer data over a specific network without requiring any human interaction.
The term “IoT” can be identified as a method of communication, although it may also include some other technologies such as sensor, wireless, or QR codes.
The first time the world heard the term “The Internet of Things” was in 1999, by Kevin Ashton - co-founder of the Auto-ID Center at MIT- during his presentation to Procter & Gamble (P&G); Ashton was presenting the idea of bringing radio frequency ID (RFID) to the attention of P&G's senior management. Also, it’s good to mention that the significant book of MIT professor Neil Gershenfeld: “When Things Start to Think” also appeared in 1999. Yet, Neil didn't use the exact term Ashton mentioned in his presentation, but he provided a clear vision of where the term “IoT” was headed!
However, the term “IoT” was promoted from the assemblage of these wireless technologies: microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), micro-services, and the internet. This assemblage has helped tear down the silos between operational technologies (OT) and information technology (IT), also it helped to enable unstructured machine-generated data to be analyzed for insights to drive improvements.
Along with the advanced modern data analytics, the devices that were developed with IoT-enabled and advanced sensors are helping us in many life aspects including, reduced air pollution even in the biggest cities, improve agriculture and food supply, enhance transportation systems and using cars, improve the shopping experience, and even detect deadly viruses for better health.
- Smart Homes
Help on having smart homes and offices, which can save energy costs, or modify the inner ambiance of a building to cater to the different tastes and needs of its inhabitant. Also, it helps to offer better security by constant surveillance and to take proactive action such as alerting the local police in case of a security breach. Besides, the reminders of mundane tasks such as payment of utility bills, parking meters
- Health Care
IoT-enabled devices help to enable better health care by using remote monitoring for patients and babies. It can help in remotely administering medication to them, as well. Moreover, there are adorable inventions called “Wearable electrocardiography” - ECG machines- so wearing one of these tiny monitors could save your or a loved one’s life.
- Smart Cities
IoT devices can provide us smarter cities, which use smart lighting for their streets or automatic sensing and control of traffic signals. As well as, using smart automobiles that can summon assistance if required, assist in controlling vehicle speed based on traffic and environmental conditions. Cities are the best incubators for IoT-based systems, which would make urban life more attractive, fast, and convenient.
- Clean Environment
The Internet of Things can help us improve public health and enjoy cleaner air and water. It would help in reducing the consumption of water and fertilizers, cut waste, and improve the quality of life.
- Smart Sports
IoT-enabled devices and wearables will be all about performance efficiency. They will help in tracking your progress, errors, power, agility, and overall cardiovascular fitness levels. Whatever the sport you like; cycling, tennis, or football, IoT devices will have a great impact.
At first glance, you may think that IoT and High-Performance Computing have few shared interests! But with a close look, you will discover that the functions of the supercomputers including, big-data analysis, data-driven simulation and modeling, in-situ data reduction, machine learning, and parallel programming models, are linked to IoT-enabled devices.